Every year, this exam is conducted by Staff Selection Commission for filling various vacancies. The selection of eligible candidates is done through four tiers. A large number of graduates appear for this test but very few qualify all its tiers. Candidate should have knowledge of all topics of SSC CGL Syllabus to have better chances of qualifying exam.
SSC CGL Exam Pattern
Tiers:
Tier 1

Objective type examination having 1 paper (CBT)

Tier 2

Objective type examination having 2 papers compulsory and 1 for specific posts (CBT)

Tier 3

Descriptive Type Paper in English/Hindi

Tier 4

Computer Proficiency Test/ Skill Test (wherever applicable)/ Document Verification

The final merit will be prepared on the basis of overall performance in TierI, TierII and TierIII. Also the candidate need to qualify all the tiers i.e. TierI, TierII and TierIII separately. There is no sectional cutoff in each test. Document Verification will also be conducted in the last.
Check SSC CHSL Syllabus and exam pattern here
Tier 1 Exam Pattern 

Part 1

Subject

No. of Questions

Max. Marks

Time Allowed


A

General Intelligence & Reasoning

25

50

60 minutes (For VH and candidates suffering from CP: 80 Minutes)


B

General Awareness

25

50


C

Quantitative Aptitude

25

50


D

English Comprehension

25

50


Total

100

200

SSC CGL Syllabus 2024 of Tier 1, 2, 3, 4 Exams
Tier 1 
1. Quantitative Aptitude (Q.A.):
This section will test ability of a candidates in appropriate use of numbers and number sense. This includes whole numbers, Square and Cube roots, Averages, decimals and fractions, LCM & HCF, Number relationship, Profit and Loss questions, Time and work, Discount and its types, Partnership, Mixture and Allegation, Percentage, Time and distance, Ratio & Proportion, Interest, Algebra & Elementary surds, Graphs of Linear Equations, Triangle and its various kinds of centers, triangles congruence and similarity, Circle, Circle and its chords, tangents, angles subtended by chords of a circle, common tangents to two or more circles, Triangle, Quadrilaterals, Sphere, Hemisphere, Regular Polygons, Right (Prism, Circular Cone, Circular Cylinder), Heights and Distances, Bar diagram & Pie chart, Rectangular Parallelepiped, Regular Right Pyramid with triangular or square base, Trigonometric ratio, Complementary angles, Degree and Radian Measures, Standard Identities, Histogram, Frequency polygon. 
2. General Intelligence & Reasoning:
This section includes questions from both verbal and nonverbal reasoning. Questions in this section are asked from analogies, arithmetical reasoning and figural classification, syllogistic reasoning, similarities and differences, space visualization, spatial orientation, problem solving, analysis, judgement and decision making, visual memory checking, discrimination, observation, relationships, series, coding/decoding, statement conclusion, etc. 
3. English Comprehension: Through this section, a candidate’s ability to understand and correct English etc. would be tested. The syllabus includes Fill in the Blanks, Idioms & Phrases, Jumbled sentences (ordering), One word substitution. Synonyms, Antonyms, Spellings/Detecting Misspelt words, Common errors, sentence improvement, Passage, Cloze test are asked. 
4. General Awareness (G.A.): General Awareness section is the one that can give you marks in less time. But you have to prepare very hard to have decent marks. General Awareness will have questions on current events, India and its neighboring countries. Also ques. from History. Geography, Economic Scene,Culture, General Polity & Scientific Research are asked. Scientific research includes physics, chemistry and Biology. Current affairs of Last 6 months are asked. 
Tier 2 Exam Pattern 

Paper

Section

No. of Questions

Max. Marks

Time Allowed


Paper 1

Quantitative Ability – for all posts

100

200

120 minutes for each paper (For VH and candidates suffering from CP: 160 Minutes)


Paper 2

English language & Comprehension – for all posts

200

200


Paper 3

Statistics (only for Statistical Investigator & Jr. Statistical Officer posts)

100

200


Paper 4

General Studies (Finance & Economics) (Only for Assistant Audit Officer and Assistant Accounts Officer posts)

100

200

There are four papers in 2nd Tier.
 PaperI & II are compulsory for all the categories of posts.
 PaperIII is only for those candidates who apply for the post of Junior Statistical Officer (JSO) and Statistical Investigator.
 Paper IV is only for those candidates who apply for the post of Assistant Audit Officer (AAO)/Assistant Accounts Officer(AAO).
You can download SSC CGL Syllabus pdf from direct link below.
PaperI would be of 10th Standard level, PaperII of 10+2 level and III & IV of graduation level.Note: For the post of SubInspector in Central Police Organizations, the Examination will consist
SSC CGL Syllabus 2024 of Tier 2 exam
Paper1 :
Quantitative Ability :
The questions will be designed to test the ability of appropriate use of numbers and number sense of the candidate. The syllabus of this one will have questions based on following:
Note: The number of questions in a section may increase or decrease as decided by SSC.
Topicwise Distribution:
i. Simplification: 36 Qs.
Fraction, BODMAS, Surds & Indices, Roots, Approximation, Percentages, Fractions, Decimal etc.
ii. Number System: 68 Qs.
LCM/HCF, Divisibility / Remainder, Factors & Multiples etc.
iii. Percentage: 24 Qs.
Questions involving increase / decrease etc. percentages.
iv. Average: 56 Qs.
Finding Average of Numbers / Height / Age / Speed / Marks / Weight etc.
v. Ratio & Proportion: 16 Qs. Simple & Compound Ratio and Direct / Indirect Proportions, Componendo and Dividendo.
vi. Alligations & Mixture: 14 Qs.
Two or Three entities Mixture problems.
vii. Interest: 35 Qs.
Simple & Compound interest, Mixed Interest, Installments.
viii. Data Interpretation: 57 Qs.
Involves questions on Table, Pie chart, Bar / Line Graph, Various graphics involving terms, Missing data types, Histogram, Frequency Polygon etc.
ix. Profit & Loss: 812 Qs.
Profit & Loss in Buying selling & its percentages, Successive Selling, Partnerships, dishonest dealing, Discount, Gains, Prices, Sales Tax.
x. Time Speed & Distance: 46 Qs.
Average / relative / Uniform speed, Questions on Trains, boat & train.
xi. Time & Work: 57 Qs.
Wages, Pipes & Cistern, Work Efficiency, questions like Time taken by X people in doing a work etc.
xii. Number Series: 01 Qs.
Series Completion, Finding Wrong / Missing term.
xiii. Trigonometry: 810 Qs.
Trigonometric ratios and Identities, Height and Distances etc. Trigonometric function’s values Max. & Min., Measurement of Angles.
xiv. Geometry: 1217 Qs.
Triangles & their Congruency, Centres, Similarity; Quadrilateral, Circle (tangent, Chords, Segment), Coordinate geometry, Degree & Radian measures, Complementary Angles etc.
xv. Algebra: 49 Qs.
Linear Equations, Functions, Quadratic/Algebraic Identities.
xvi. Mensuration: 1012 Qs.
Problems on Sphere, Hemisphere, Rectangular Parallelopiped, Prism, Trapezium, Square, Rectangle, Rhombus, SemiCircle, Circles, common tangents to two or more circles Circle chords, angles subtended by chords of a circle, Cylinder, Cone, Right Circular Cone, Cube, Cuboid, Parallalogram, Right Circular cylinder, Triangle, Pyramid with triangular or square base, Regular Polygons, Quadrilaterals etc.
SSC CGL Syllabus 2024 of Tier 2 – Paper2
i. Comprehension Passage: 30 Qs.
Passage can be asked from any topic like Economy, Business, Moral Stories, Social Issues etc. The paragraphs are usually longer and candidate have to read it to give answer to one questions. This time to solve and requires practice and trick. Questions includes finding the best answer, meaning, false/true etc.
ii. Para Jumbles (Ordering of Sentences): 20 Qs.
Arranging of sentence parts in proper order.
iii. Direct / Indirect Speech: 25 Qs.
Questions on Narration of Direct / Indirect Speech.
iv. Active Passive Voices: 20 Qs.
v. Sentence Improvement: 1015 Qs.
vi. Phrase / Idiom / One Word Substitution: 2025 questions
Choosing one word which can be substituted for the given words/sentence.
vii. Spelling Error: 23 Qs.
Finding one word out of given which is correctly spelt.
viii. Synonym / Antonym: 6 Qs.
ix. Common Error / Sentence Error: 20 Qs.
Finding error in the part of a sentence.
x. Cloze Test / Fill in the blanks from paragraph: 2530 questions
Fill the blanks in a passage or sentence, involves knowledge of Grammar / vocabulary based questions.
Important topics for questions: Verbs, Tense, conjunctions, prepositions
The standard of the questions in English will be of 10+2 level). SSC may increase / decrease no. of questions asked from any topic.
SSC CGL Syllabus 2024 of Tier 2 Paper3:
This paper is only for Statistical Investigator or Junior Statistical Officer post. There are 100 questions in this paper carrying 200 marks. 2 marks are assigned to each question while wrong answer gets 0.50 mark. The questions are of graduation level.
Statistics for Investigator GradeII, Ministry of Statistics & Programme
Implementation & Compiler in RGI.
Collection Classification and Presentation of Statistical Data – Primary and Secondary data, Methods of data collection; Tabulation of data; Graphs and charts; Frequency distributions; Diagrammatic presentation of frequency distributions.
Measures of Central Tendency Common measures of central tendency – mean
median and mode; Partition values quartiles, deciles, percentiles.
Measures of Dispersion Common measures dispersion – range, quartile
deviations, mean deviation and standard deviation; Measures of relative dispersion.
Moments, Skewness and Kurtosis – Different types of moments and their
relationship; meaning of skewness and kurtosis; different measures of skewness
and kurtosis.
Correlation and Regression – Scatter diagram; simple correlation coefficient;
simple regression lines; Spearman’s rank correlation; Measures of association of
attributes; Multiple regression; Multiple and partial correlation (For three variables
only).
Probability Theory – Meaning of probability; Different definitions of probability;
Conditional probability; Compound probability; Independent events; Bayes’
theorem.
Random Variable and Probability Distributions – Random variable; Probability
functions; Expectation and Variance of a random variable; Higher moments of a
random variable; Binomial , Poisson, Normal and Exponential distributions; Joint
distribution of two random variable (discrete).
Sampling Theory – Concept of population and sample; Parameter and statistic,
Sampling and nonsampling errors; Probability and nonprobability sampling
techniques(simple random sampling, stratified sampling, multistage sampling,
multiphase sampling, cluster sampling, systematic sampling, purposive sampling,
convenience sampling and quota sampling); Sampling distribution(statement only);
Sample size decisions.
Statistical Inference – Point estimation and interval estimation, Properties of a
good estimator, Methods of estimation (Moments method, Maximum likelihood method, Least squares method), Testing of hypothesis, Basic concept of testing,
Small sample and large sample tests, Tests based on Z, t, Chisquare and F
statistic, Confidence intervals.
Analysis of Variance – Analysis of oneway classified data and twoway
classified data.
Time Series Analysis – Components of time series, Determinations of trend
component by different methods, Measurement of seasonal variation by different
methods.
Index Numbers – Meaning of Index Numbers, Problems in the construction of
index numbers, Types of index number, Different formulae, Base shifting and
splicing of index numbers, Cost of living Index Numbers, Uses of Index Numbers.
SSC CGL Syllabus 2024 of Tier 2 Paper IV:
General Studies (Finance and Economics) for the post of Assistant Audit Officer in Indian Audit & Accounts Department under CAG.
Part A: Finance and Accounts(80 marks)
1. Fundamental principles and basic concept of Accounting.
Financial Accounting: Nature and scope, Limitations of Financial Accounting, Basic
concepts and Conventions, Generally Accepted Accounting Principles.
Basic concepts of accounting: Single and double entry, Books of original Entry,
Bank Reconciliation, Journal, ledgers, Trial Balance, Rectification of Errors,
Manufacturing, Trading, Profit & loss Appropriation Accounts, Balance Sheet
Distinction between Capital and Revenue Expenditure, Depreciation Accounting,
Valuation of Inventories, Nonprofit organisations Accounts, Receipts and Payments
and Income & Expenditure Accounts, Bills of Exchange, Self Balancing Ledgers.
Part B: Economics and Governance(120 marks)
2. Comptroller & Auditor General of India Constitutional provisions, Role and
responsibility
3. Finance CommissionRole and functions
4. Basic Concept of Economics and introduction to Micro Economics
Definition, scope and nature of Economics, Methods of economic study and Central
problems of an economy and Production possibilities curve
5. Theory of Demand and Supply
Meaning and determinants of demand, Law of demand and Elasticity of demand,
Price, income and cross elasticity; Theory of consumer’s behaviourMarshallian
approach and Indifference curve approach, Meaning and determinants of supply,
Law of supply and Elasticity of Supply.
6. Theory of Production and cost
Meaning and Factors of production; Laws of production Law of variable proportions and Laws of returns to scale.
7. Forms of Market and price determination in different markets
Various forms of marketsPerfect Competition, Monopoly, Monopolistic Competition
and Oligopoly ad Price determination in these markets
8. Indian Economy
Nature of the Indian Economy Role of different sectorsRole of Agriculture, Industry
and Servicestheir problems and growth;
National Income of IndiaConcepts of national income, Different methods of
measuring national income
PopulationIts size, rate of growth and its implication on economic growth
Poverty and unemployment Absolute and relative poverty, types, causes and
incidence of unemployment
InfrastructureEnergy, Transportation, Communication
9. Economic Reforms in India
Economic reforms sice 1991; Liberalisation, Privatisation, Globalisation and
Disinvestment
10. Money and Banking
Monetary/ Fiscal policy Role and functions of Reserve Bank of India; functions of
commercial Banks/RRB/Payment Banks
Budget and Fiscal deficits and Balance of payments
Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act, 2003
11. Role of Information Technology in Governance.
IMPORTANT NOTE: The questions in Paper 1 of exam will be of 10th class level, PaperII of 10+2 level and PaperIII of graduation level.
The marks obtained by the candidates in Tier I & Tier II, together, would determine the eligibility of the candidates to appear in Tier III & Tier IV.
Tier III: Descriptive Type Paper Pattern
Tier III will be a descriptive type Pen and Paper mode examination. The Descriptive Paper will be in English/Hindi (writing of Essay/Precis/Letter /Application Writing etc. It will be of Total 100 marks and 60 minutes time is given for it (For VH and candidates suffering from Cerebral Palsy: 80 Minutes).
This test has been introduced to assess the writing skills of the candidates which is necessary in Government jobs. It would comprise writing of an Essay / Passage of 250 words and Letter / Application Writing of approximately 150 words. The qualifying marks in TierIII would be 33 per cent. This will have to be written either in Hindi or in English. Part paper written in Hindi and Part in English will not be evaluated. The questions would be of 10+2 standard.
SSC CGL Tier IV: CPT / DEST Syllabus / Pattern
Skill Test is conducted for tax assistant posts in Central Excise & Income Tax. CPT is conducted for Assistants in CSS.
Data Entry Speed Test (DEST): speed of data entry must be 8,000 Key Depression/hr. on Computer.
Data Entry Speed Skill Test at 2000 key depressions in 15 min will be tested and candidates will have to qualify it as it will be of qualifying nature.
All candidates have to appear for document verification. Candidates have to submit their documents at this time.
Tips to Qualify SSC CGL Exam :
1. Do maximum no. of questions but only do those you know well.
2. Always do those question first which you see easy to you.
3. Don’t be in a hurry when solving the paper.
4. Use all the shortcuts / concepts you know to solve the paper as quickly as you can. The more questions you solve correctly, the more are the chances of you getting the test qualified.
5. Always do the easy section first and then move on to the tougher one.
6. If a question is found tough, leave it and move on to other question. Dont’t stuck on a question.
7. Keep yourself updated with time.
8. Don’t do those question in which you seems confused as there is negative marking.
Official Website: ssc.nic.in
The candidates can join a coaching center for better preparation. That will help them in clearing the exam with better marks if they do the hard work. Familiarity of Exam Pattern and knowledge of SSC CGL Syllabus is needed if you want to prepare well.